Wednesday, February 8, 2012

Throwing weight down!

Keep the legs with the young! Pain, heaviness in the legs become satellites of the lives of many people. Some people continue to endure such pain for a long period of time. But we do put our feet in the "awkward position"!
But why feet may be a kind of barometer of well-being in the body?
But the fact that the legs have perhaps the greatest burden in the body, maintaining the day the whole mass of the body, which is often excessive. In a normal working day, a person makes about 6000-8000 steps, and hence, for all his life several times by foot traverses the Earth!

Throughout the evolution of human bipedalism have to pay for many diseases. After all, congestion and edema due to the fact that the fluid (blood, lymph) can not be without help to overcome gravity and climb up to the heart. Therefore, veins and lymph vessels have to work to contract, and that they actively help your muscles. And what prevents? This sedentary lifestyle, wearing tight clothing and footwear, a long distance on my feet, and of course, overweight.
In addition, throughout the body so the legs is not "lucky" that they are furthest from the heart. And if there is an unfortunate situation, but simply put, heart failure, it is easy to guess which body part affected in the first place!
It should also be noted that the most important thing is early diagnosis, in fact it allows you to identify the cause of discomfort in the legs. After cure the disease at an early stage is much easier than running.
There are several reasons that cause pain in the legs. This is a disease of spine, joints, blood vessels leg or muscle.
The most common occurrence of pain in his legs due to vascular disease. This occurs due to violations of the outflow of venous blood and thereby increase the pressure in the vessels. The resulting venous congestion is causing irritation of nerve endings and pain. Most of these pains are "dumb" character, there is a heaviness in the legs. Thus, gradually developing varicose veins.
In another disease - thrombophlebitis, there is a pulsating nature of the pain, often turning into a burning sensation under the skin. When thrombophlebitis pain are ongoing, especially pain in the calf muscles.
Another cause of pain in the legs - atherosclerosis of the arteries. When the disease occurs seal blood vessels, the patient feels while gripping pains in the calf muscles. The most common causes atherosclerosis is pain in the muscles of the shin. Pain worse when walking. A characteristic symptom of atherosclerosis is the feeling of cold feet, regardless of the season.
The next group of diseases that provoke the appearance of pain in the feet are the spine of the disease. Available in violation of the spine, such as intervertebral discs, give rise to the so-called radiating pain, ie, pay-offs in the legs. The very backbone and thus can not hurt. For this type of pain include sciatica (sciatica). In this disease of the spine pain along the sciatic nerve is transmitted to the legs.
Very often, leg pain associated with diseases of the joints. Pain as a "twist" legs. The exacerbation of pain occurs when you change the weather. On a more serious stages of joint disease pain may be ongoing, sometimes just a painful character. This is especially true of attacks of pain in gout. Pain in the knee joint may indicate the destruction of the cartilage of the joint. However, accurate diagnosis and prescribing of drugs can make only an experienced specialist.
One reason for the constant pain in the legs is flat. This disease is manifested in fatigue when walking, the feeling of just "lead weight" in the legs. When flat feet should be a daily focus on the special set of exercises, which is designed physician. Also, the state may be relieved by using orthotics.
Diseases of the peripheral nerves may also induce pain in the legs. Neuralgia pains are paroxysmal in nature and occur along the nerve fibers. In between bouts of pain is virtually non-existent, and the pain attack can last from several seconds to several minutes.
The most severe pain occurs when inflammation of the muscles. Myositis - a rather serious disease that needs to be treated under the constant supervision of a physician.
Pain in the lower extremities may be caused by an infectious disease such as bone osteomyelitis. Pain in this disease severe and prolonged. In this case, the cause of the pain are the bones themselves.
In order to prevent the appearance of pain in the legs is necessary to observe certain rules. For example, vascular problems should be limited in the diet of fatty, cholesterol-rich diet, lose weight, regularly perform a special set of exercises to prevent development of varicose veins. Try to avoid prolonged standing or sitting. When seated or standing work, you should regularly take breaks and change positions.
If you have problems with the spine or joints is necessary to make timely treatment of these diseases and to follow your doctor's instructions. In the troubled spine and frequent radiating pain in the legs, it is useful to hold regular courses of massage. Doing exercises to strengthen abdominal muscles reduces muscle tension and lower back, as a rule, reduce the frequency of radiating pain.
Pay attention to the feet! Traditional medicine is replete with tips that are mainly aimed at reducing swelling and improving the nutrition of the skin down. Unfortunately, in most cases, it helps only the initial stages of the disease. But the earliest manifestations of the disease - a "golden" time for its timely, accurate and complete treatment. How sad that almost 95% of that moment is missed!
Before you try a new cream for the feet, we must ask ourselves: "Is not it time for a specialist?" After all, the earlier study initiated and established the true cause of "heavy" legs, the more likely to start treatment as soon as possible of the underlying disease and thus prevent the development of serious complications.
In some clinics developed a variety of programs that allow for a comprehensive examination that covers all the possible causes of the disease. In addition to studies of the internal organs, and laboratory tests carried out in the mandatory ultrasound scan of the arteries and veins of the lower extremities. In this study, the doctor can identify the atherosclerotic arteries, to determine the degree of narrowing of the lumen of the vessel, to identify areas of "blockage" of the arteries. Angioscanning allows you to visualize the veins (superficial and deep) throughout their length, to determine the degree of "plugging" the veins, identifying the presence of such a terrible complication of thrombophlebitis as "thrombosis," in which the likely separation of the thrombus with the development of pulmonary embolism.
We study the endocrine system, responsible for the regulation of calcium levels. Indeed, the lack of calcium in the blood is compensated by the bones and teeth, which can lead to severe osteoporosis, cramps, pain in muscles and joints. You also need an ultrasound of the pelvic organs (uterus, ovaries) and prostate (in men). Ultrasound avoids the disease of these organs, because they can lead to an increase in compression of large vessels, responsible for the circulation of the lower extremities. Blood test for non-specific inflammatory factors will help the doctor detect the presence of inflammation in the veins (phlebitis) and arteries (arteritis).

Treatment in each case is individually, taking into account the underlying disease, age, "experience" of illness and other factors. There are treatments that allow patients to put on their feet, even in the running, advanced stages of disease!
However, it must be remembered that even the best doctors and the highest quality care leads to success only when the patient is interested in the speedy disposal of the disease. And for this we must observe a few simple rules that relate to changes in lifestyle.
You should avoid heavy physical exertion, heavy lifting, not to sit "foot to foot," and at too low chairs, do not use hormonal contraceptives. It is better to abandon the thermal overloads (bath, sauna, tanning in the open sun), impractical shoes (heels more than 6 cm). Do not get involved in a massage, especially cellulite. Improper vigorous foot massage can trigger the progression of the disease and even cause thrombosis.
Follow the diet - eat as much fruits and vegetables, watch your weight because extra pounds - a proven risk factor for venous insufficiency. It is useful to sedentary life: aerobics and fitness, especially useful for swimming, hiking, biking. Use a cool shower on his feet in the evening.
Feet - our great toiler! To his feet rarely reminded myself, have more to think about them. We take care of them, and they will not remain in debt, because healthy feet are not the privilege of youth - a measure of a decent quality of life.