Monday, July 9, 2012

The structure of women's nails

It is difficult to imagine women's hands without any nails.No, not without long  or extended, but in general - without nails: thin pink skin, not protected from external impact sensitive fingertips, the absence of any solid processes and no nail - something like this would look the part of the phalanx, where we used to see the marigolds.

Therefore, it remains to thank nature, that all they have is: to protect from damage and perform an aesthetic function, provided that the nails are healthy and well maintained. The latter depends only on you.
It's time to look at the nail, not only as an appendage, which can be painted in all colors of the rainbow, but also as a part of your body that requires treatment. And for this look at the nail in the section and the inside.
The nail consists of a set of compounds and trace elements, which form a solid in-keratin.

In order to not break your nails and do not stratified, they constantly need to "feed", maintaining the desired level of all elements in the composition.
In the first nail is needed sulfur, water and fat-like substance.• Sulfur is responsible for the strength of the nail plate, and when it is lack of delamination of flakes in a-keratin.• Water makes nails elasticity and firmness. Nails that do not have enough water, twist and break.• fat-like substances gives nails a healthy shine and durability.
Therefore, what we see - it is only "the tip of the" nail him nail plate, consisting of more than 100 layers of horny keratin cells.

Nail plate can be divided into the body of the nail and free edge.
Sprout area begins with the nail matrix, which is the visible part of the lunula - a white stripe in the form of a crescent.
The lines, which are located along the nail plate - a scallop or a line of Bo, which determine an individual picture nail.
On both sides of the nail plate is surrounded by ridges. Their transition to the nail plate is called sinuses. These sites, due to its structure, are zones of increased keratinized particles.
With the rear roller nail grows continuously cuticle, which is formed from dead cells of the tissue. The cuticle protects the nail from getting infections, but occasionally it needs to push back or remove, as proliferating it is a good breeding ground for infections.

On the structure of the cuticle is not uniform: the upper part is called the cuticle, the lower - pterygium.
On the surface cuticle is a roller. Pterygium appears as a thin film, fused with the surface of the nail plate. Part of the subungual bed is fused giponihy.
How did our nails are formed? The answer to this question will help create the necessary conditions for their growth, health and beauty.
The most important part of the nail apparatus is its root - matrix. It determines the rate of growth, the thickness of a plate, structure and form of the natural nail. The structure matrix consists of epithelial buds, which are richly supplied with blood. Knowing this, it becomes clear that the damage to the plate and nail dysplasia, and its structure is interconnected.
Matrix cells are particularly sensitive, so they must be protected from bumps and illiterate manicure, but otherwise the result will not be long in coming: the new cells may simply stop growing because of serious damage to either suspend its work until the "best" times.
Under the nail plate is placed a bed, which is firmly grown together with it. The bed - this is an analogue of the epidermis to the blood vessels and ligaments that fix the nail to the skin and bone phalanx, giving it a bend.
Nail characterized by the same processes as for the skin
Absorption and release - but they occur 100 times more intense, as the nails are not regulated.
The growth of the nail plate affected by ambient temperature. That is why during the cold season, their growth slows. Malnutrition and severe disease is also being felt.
If you decide to grow your nails, consider that last month the nail plate grows by approximately 1.5-3 mm. It is not difficult to calculate that it is fully updated with a strong damage to the nail for 180-230 days.

An interesting point is that in the hands of the nails grow faster than the legs, and on the thumb and little finger - is slower than average. The fastest growing nails in children and young men, slowly - women. But with age, the growth rate decreases at all.